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Giridih is headquarters of
the Giridih district of Jharkhand state, India. The literal meaning
of Giridih is the land of hills & hillocks - Giri, a Hindi word,
means Hills and Dih, another word of the local dialect, indicates
upland. Giridih district was earlier a part of Hazaribagh district.
As of 2001 India census, the district had a population of 98,569.
Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.The average
literacy rate of the district is 69%, higher than the national
average of 59.5 %. Male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 63%.
Fifteen percent of the population is under 6 years of age.
Giridih town used to
bustle with economic activity in the period from 60s and 80s when
the mineral mica processing and export community reaped tremendous
gains through exports. Since the formation of new state, the
government has initiated lot of small scale Industries within the
state. They all are basically related with metals and majority of
them are Rolling Mills.
Personalities like Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose spent his last days in
Giridih and later died in Giridih. The great literary figure and the
Noble Laureate, Rabindranath Tagore had also spent some time in
Giridih. The district has several interesting spots, including Usri
Falls, Khandoli-famous picnic spot and Parasnath Hills with highest
mountain peak in Jharkhand, 4480 feet above the sea level.
central as well as state governments have taken up special
programmes for the rehabilitation of primitive tribes having
wandering economy in the form of food collection, hunting and
shifting cultivation. Birhor is one of the primitive tribe groups
living in the districts of Hazaribag, Giridih, Ranchi, Lohardaga,
Palamu, Garhwa, Dhanbad, and Singhbhum in Jharkhand State.
The total population
of Birhor tribe recorded in the census of 1991 is only 5000
which are dwindling day by day. The dwindling population of
Birhor tribes creates serious concern for Government as the
community is facing threats of extinction.
Birhors are way behind in almost all indicators of development
including education, poverty, nutrition, employment and
health. Government is running number of programmes for
primitive tribes but due to lack of awareness and
understanding among Birhors and coordination between different
departments, Birhors are unable to get optimum benefit of such