You are Here: Home >> Tribals In India

TRIBALS IN INDIA AN INTRODUCTION :::

The development of the tribal population in India has been a major concern of the GOI as well state governments. The scheduled tribes (ST) exhibit a whole spectrum of human and cultural evolution –from hunter-gatherer-fisher (foragers) through shifting cultivation, pastoralism, marginal farming, to agriculture based on irrigation. The ST population accounts for 8.2% of the total population in the country. Known for their unique way of life, customs, traditions, beliefs and practices, the tribals of India are scattered all over the country. While the condition of the tribals has improved over the years, their situation vis-a-vis the rest of the population may even have worsened on various counts of development. The concept of primitive tribal group (PTG) tried to redress the balance in favour of the weakest section of tribals. The special provisions for tribes are based on the assumption that all the tribes are equally deprived equally disadvantaged, and equally poor which over the years has proved wrong.

The National Policy on Tribals recognizes that a majority of Scheduled Tribes continue to live below the poverty line, have poor literacy rates, suffer from malnutrition and diseases and are vulnerable to displacement. It also acknowledges that Scheduled Tribes in general are repositories of indigenous knowledge and wisdom in certain aspect. There is and urgent need to address each of these problems in a concrete way. At the same time it is important to take measures to preserve and promote tribals’ cultural heritage.

Jharkhand Known as Tribal State :::

The tribes of Jharkhand consist of 32 tribes inhabiting the Jharkhand state in India. The tribes in Jharkhand were originally classified on the basis of their cultural types known as follows:

  • Hunter- gatherer type—Birhor, korwa, Hill Kharia
  • Shifting Agriculture – Sauria Paharia
  • Simple artisans – Mahli, Lohra, Karmali, Chik Baraik
  • Settled agriculturists – Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Ho, Bhumij etc.
    The state has a population of around 26.90 million: the sex ratio in Jharkhand is 941 females to 1000 males. The tribal population is around 28% which has been home to a variety of tribal communities.

    The names of tribal groups are –

    Munda

    Asur

    Chero

    Kora

    Santhal

    Baiga

    Chick-Baraik

    Korwa

    Oraon

    Banjara

    Gorait

    Lohra

    Kharia

    Bathudi

    Ho

    Mahli

    Gond

    Bedia

    Karmali

    Mal-paharia

    Kol

    Binjhia

    Kharwar

    Parhaiya

    Kanwar

    Birhor

    Khond

    Sauriya Pahariya

    Savar

    Birjia

    Kisan

    Bhumij

grd
ind
parsa
Site Designed & Developed by NIC, District Unit, Giridih, Jharkhand Site hosted by Content Owned ,Maintained and updated by Giridih District Administration Giridih . All queries /comment regarding the content on this site may be sent to Webmaster,NIC at : jhrgir[at]nic[dot]in & dc-gir[at]nic[dot]in
Home|Legal Disclaimer| Terms and Conditions| Copyright Policy|Hyperlinking PolicyPrivacy Policy| Contact us